For starters, Cessna 172 and Cessna 182 are indistinguishable from each other. Both consist of 4 seats and high-wing aircraft with supports preparing for each wing. But for pilots, they are vastly different planes.
The main difference between 172 and 182 are the engines. They were produced over 40 years ago, and during that time, they were produced from the factory using a variety of motors. Since the introduction of 172N in 1977, the standard factory engine has produced 160 hp. Before that, 172 engines ranged from 145 to 160 hp. Many of the older aircraft on the market have been upgraded to more powerful engines, including 180 HP. Release. All of these changes are made through Saudi Telecom Company, or the additional type certificate issued by the Federal Aviation Administration.
Although the 182 engine was powered by several different engines, the standard non-turbo models always weighed 230 hp. This difference in horsepower has many effects. One is of course speed. 182 is 15-20 knots faster than 172. It can also climb 200 feet per minute faster. Usually aircraft with larger engines can also increase more weight. The maximum weight of the late 172 model is 2450 lbs and 182 3100 lbs. Not all that difference is a useful load, 182 empty is about 300 lbs. Heavier than his younger cousin.
Not all differences between 172 and 182 are easy to measure as specifications and performance numbers. Being heavier, the Airplane 182 is a sturdier plane than the 172. It doesn't bounce much, and tends to track better in the direction you want it. This is a good feature if you are going to do a lot of flying tools. (Flying in clouds or without a visual indication of Earth.)
With more than 200 horsepower and a controllable pitch fan, 182 is also a high-performance aircraft. What this means is that additional instructions are needed to be able to fly, both by regulation and the requirements of insurance companies.
As far as the price goes, the usual price for 1978 172 will be at less than $ 40,000, while 182 similarly equipped will be at least $ 20,000. A 182 would be more expensive to own as well. Insurance, inspections, engine repairs and operating costs will be more. For example, 182 would consume about 3 gallons per hour more fuel.
None of these things make one plane better than the other. What distinguishes the plane is how you intend to use it. If you want to operate a relatively inexpensive simple plane, which requires 172. If you want to use your own plane for transportation and intend to go into the weather, the 182 plane will suit your purpose.
Finally, as in distinguishing a plane from another, the gift is the nose. The A 182 has a fully stocked section for larger engine coverage and a smoother front windshield.